SafeClouds.eu, a H2020 big data for safety project, coordinated by Innaxis, kicked off earlier this month.
Between June 20 to 24, our PhD student Seddik Belkoura went at the very doorstep of the famous Rocky Balboa Statue, as the seventh edition of the International Conference on Air Transport (ICRAT) was held at Drexel University (Philadelphia, USA) . This successful event, co-organised by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration-USA) and EUROCONTROL, put the emphasis the next generation of researchers, with a strong participations of students keen on interacting with more mature and expert minds.
In Seddik’s presentation during the conference, he wanted to highlight the dynamic nature of the delay propagation process in Air Transportation. He showed in his talk that abnormal delays at a given airport (those with an unexpected magnitude) can perturb the way the delays are propagated in “normal” conditions. The quantity of “surprise” necessary to disrupt an airport can be quantifiable, and an approximation of the additional delay necessary to disrupt the propagative dynamics of each airport have been proposed by Seddik. The audience’s interest at this point indicated that work have still have to be done to master all the complex behaviours of some processes like delay propagations.
The event was a success, and the areas of investigation within Air Transportation were quite wide. One special note have been noticed by Seddik: the growing number of presentation (and attention) to drones. The recentness of the concept and the velocity with which it develops and spreads is such that it deserves a special attention. Legislation are not yet fully explicit and a lot of work to design the “future” if happening right now. It is the moment to use our experience with Aviation to better fashion the drone system. Specifically, the importance of data should be pointed out, to allow a better development and a continuous improvement of this new and growing complex system.
Seddik’s paper and the presentation about drones will be soon available on the official website of the conference (http://www.icrat.org/)
The 4-hour door-to-door challenge in Europe – are we heading in the right direction?
The DATASET2050 project is pleased announce a one-day workshop in central London on Tuesday 12 July 2016 focusing on the 4-hour door-to-door challenge. The event will be hosted by University of Westminister.
The workshop will focus on the challenges facing the Flightpath 2050 4-hour door-to-door target, with presentations from the project team (Innaxis, University of Westminster, EUROCONTROL and Bauhaus), along with guest speakers from Heathrow and Munich Airports, NATS and the PASSME project. Sessions will consider the current journey process and where efficiency gains may come from, data sources, new metrics, and a look ahead to 2035 and 2050.
Attendance is free of charge, however the number of places are limited!
Register today at: http://www.dataset2050.com/eumobilityworkshop. A preliminary draft of the agenda is also available.
DATASET2050 is a Coordination and Support Action funded by the European Commission under the Horizon 2020 Mobility for Growth topic “Support to European Aviation Research and Innovation Policy” (MG.1.7-2014).
For additional questions, please contact Hector at email@example.com.
Innaxis at the XIII International Colloquium of the World Academy of Arts and Science (WAAS)
Lisbon 11th -13th May 2016
WAAS members where invited during a three day conference at the Lisbon School of Economics and Management to discuss “Post 2008 Global Dynamics and Structural Changes: Economic, Political and Eco-Societal Transitions”.
The international financial crisis in 2008 sparked a plea for systemic paradigm shift regarding the orientation of policies of economic management. The request amongst decision makers and international organizations for profound changes in our economic system have unfortunately only been very short-lived.
Instead a “business as usual” agenda has been put in place driven by unquestioned mainstream economic theories.
However the present interconnected crises of unemployment, growing inequality and environmental destruction (just to name some of them) show that these challenges are not correctly addressed by the current dominant framework of economic thought.
In light of these developments, the aim of the meeting was to discuss the future of “Economics” as a science, its inherent shortfalls and usefulness.
The participants of the colloquium examined the changes since the period in which most prevalent economic concepts were formulated and assessed their relevance to the radical changes that have transformed economic activity since then.
Carlos Alvarez Pereira President of Innaxis, presented at the Colloquia « Towards a Society of Living » the vision of a new work programme currently under development at Innaxis. In his presentation he explored the shortcomings of our current understanding of economics and the gridlocks that prevent us from transforming our societies. In addition, he stressed that the transformation paths have to go beyond narratives based on technology-driven solutions, which are currently, in times of rapid digitalization, very appealing but insufficient or even misleading. He proposed pathways for reformulating economics as part of a larger, complex societal-scale system which addresses human needs in harmony with nature.
During the meeting WAAS members decided to produce a new academic curriculum for students, based on alternative economic theories including human-centered, value-based, ecologically sustainable economic thinking.
Between April 10 to 12, our Principal Researcher Massimiliano Zanin made a long trip. The objective: co-organise the first Chinese / EU / USA Symposium on Complexity Science in Air Transportation, which took place in the Beihang University, Beijing.
The event has been a success, including invited keynotes of leading researchers like Shlomo Havlin, of the Bar-Ilan University, and Mark Hansen of UC Berkeley. Noteworthy has also been the participation of the ComplexWorld network, through Andrew Cook (University of Westminster) and Fabrizio Lillo (Scuola Normale Superiore di Pisa).
As for Massimiliano, he presented an unconventional idea in his talk “The air transport vs. the human brain: two worlds apart?”: the human brain and the air transport are two systems not at all different, which can (and ought to) be studied using the same techniques drawn from statistical physics. By considering the air transport as an information processing system, the strategies used in neuroscience can seamlessly be adapted, in order to improve our knowledge of processes like delay propagations. This idea has been illustrated using several examples, drawn from some research works done in collaboration with Seddik Belkoura and Andrew Cook in the past two years.
More information about the event is available at: http://airnets.de/Symposium2016/index.html
Additionally, if reading Chinese is not a problem for you, you may be interested in the press release in the Beihang University website: http://news.buaa.edu.cn/zhxw/95477.htm
Developing the future of a safe and growing aviation business, whilst also reassuring the travelling public that it is safe to fly, is a major vision for both EU and national aviation policies, however:
What role do policy makers play?
What are the recent, implemented safety measures?
Who is guiding the safety topics within aviation research?
EASA, the European Commission, the Advisory Council of Aviation Research & Innovation in Europe (ACARE), and the EU’s OPTICS Project organised a three day event in Cologne (12-14 April) in order to provide answers to these types of imperative questions, and furthermore define the way forward to ensure continued aviation safety in Europe. The event had a number of presentations and workshops within several aviation safety areas.
Two Innaxis’ team members David Perez (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Hector Ureta (email@example.com) attended the interesting event and took part in several of the workshops, explaining how can Data Science and BIG data can boost aviation safety. Hector also presented some of the latest data science techniques and tools in safety research, based on SESAR-COMPASS project, during the third day of the event.
The presentation, “Data science and data mining techniques to improve aviation safety: features, patterns and precursors”, is available online in this link.
If you’d like further information about data science in aviation, big data or aviation safety research completed by Innaxis, please feel free to contact Innaxis team (firstname.lastname@example.org).
More details of the event available in EASA and OPTICS websites:
The final project workshop took place in Bologna, Italy, 30th November 2015 in the afternoon, (14:00-18:00) attached to the SESAR Innovation Days, that officially started the following day in the morning.
You can now download the presentations of the workshop by just clicking on the links below.
Resilience2050 Final Workshop
|14:00-14:15||Welcome and introduction||Marc Bourgois, Eurocontrol, and David Perez, Innaxis|
|14:15-14:30||Resilience concepts and approach||Hector Ureta, Innaxis|
|14:30-15:10||Resilience in the ATM socio-technical system: Key roles of humans balancing ATM KPA’s while dealing with disturbances||Sybert Stroeve, NLR|
|15:10-15:30||Data-driven techniques to improve ATM resilience understanding||Ernestina Menasalvas, UPM|
|16:00-16:30||The resilience metric and efficiency model||Samuel Cristobal, Innaxis|
|16:30-16:50||Future air traffic in Resilience2050, an operational view||Cengiz Pasaoglu, DHMI|
|16:50-17:20||Data Driven Stochastic Modelling of European Air Traffic for Efficiency Assessment and Resilience||N. Kemal Ure, ITU|
|17:20-17:30||Future applications and opportunities||David Perez, Innaxis|
- The ComplexWorld network has greatly evolved within the last five years. On the first day of SIDs, the network coordinator, Paula Lopez, will present an overview of the ComplexWorld evolution since it was launched with special emphasis on the key 2015 outcomes and 2016 initiatives. Please feel free to reach out to Paula (email@example.com) if you are interested in obtaining more information on the network activities.
- At Innaxis we have been working on new air transport metrics and indicators for the last few years. We have been crafting a tool to compute those metrics against real traffic data along with advanced visual tools to help understand these complex metrics. On the day before SIDs officially commences, Monday Nov. 30, we will be hosting a workshop on air transport resilience metrics: The 2015 Resilience2050 Workshop. Additional information along with free registration can be found here. Please contact Hector Ureta (firstname.lastname@example.org) for further information on the workshop and/or resilience research.
- The EC four hour door-to-door challenge warrants more effort to bring everyone on the same page. Building new modelling tools, metrics and data analysis capabilities will help to understand how we may achieve this goal. Innaxis has strong expertise within Mobility, with coordination efforts in the Horizon 2020 Coordination and Support Action DataSET 2050, along with the most recent SESAR-CASSIOPEIA agent-based modelling framework. These research initiatives may be of interest to you if you are working with mobility. Please do not hesitate to contact our architect of mobility tools for ATM, Samuel Cristóbal (email@example.com) and Jorge Martin (firstname.lastname@example.org) who will be at the conference.
- Exploring trade-offs between different stakeholders has always been one of the main research priorities within Innaxis. For this particular SIDs Innaxis has liaised with the University of Westminster and Belgocontrol to present the paper “Controller time and delay costs -a trade-off analysis”. The paper will be presented within the technical sessions of the SIDs.
- Data Science has also been an area of major interest at Innaxis over the last few years. We are working on different elements of a big data / data science infrastructure to enable major data mining efforts within Air Transport, including: current delay propagation evaluations, airport and airline resilience against disturbances, and an evaluation on new paradigms for safety monitoring, all of which is contingent on powerful deep analytics. We have advanced very far in this area, for which we are very proud. Our colleague Massimiliano Zanin will be at the conference and can speak to these efforts. Feel free to contact him at email@example.com.
- In addition, complex network theory has also been prioritised within Innaxis’s research efforts and has been increasingly used to study the air transport system by defining static or dynamic structures to characterise how airports are connected. Our ComplexWorld PhD student, Seddik Belkoura, will present a poster entitled “A young person’s guide to the reconstruction of air transport networks” depicting how the sampling processes intervening in the construction of such structures can affect the topological stability of the final system’s representation. Please, contact him if this is of your interest (firstname.lastname@example.org).
- Information Management has also been an area of interest for us. In particular, we think Data Science paradigms can only be fully enabled if data is transparently shared across stakeholders, which can only be achieved with the right secure and encrypted mechanisms are put in place. Related to this, the Innaxis team will present a talk about the main results of the SecureDataCloud project. Again, please reach out to Massimiliano Zanin should this be your area of interest.
- Last, but not least, we will also serve as SIDs rapporteurs and help Eurocontrol extract some conclusions as well as provide our own views on future research avenues. Carlos Alvarez will lead this during the closing session. Please, contact Carlos (email@example.com) if you’d like to continue the conversation!
In the last few months, we have been busy at presenting the results of our research work at different conferences. For those of you that could not attend, here you have a short review!
First, several people from Innaxis attended the ECTL / FAA ATM Seminar 2015, in Lisbon, Portugal.
Seddik Belkoura presented a computational framework that compares flight trajectories (planned and executed) to detect all delay-generating events, and that can be used as a tool to identify the causes of non ATFM delay across any en-route system with the appropriate data. This algorithm extracts the probability distribution of the magnitude of a delay caused by one event per flight. From this, it has been possible to show the independence between the amplitude of en-route delay generated by a single event and the global delay of a flight. Additionally, a temporal and spatial assessment of the resilience of the en-route system to delay generation have been provided, which might lead to the identification of spatial zones that generates more delay, hence more fuel consumption, and to new tactical trajectory planification based on each ANS efficiency regarding en-delay recovery.
Additionally, Massimiliano Zanin gave a talk synthesising the results obtained in the POEM project, which we finished one year ago, and that was selected as one of the SESAR “Oustanding Projects” in 2014. We also had new results not presented until now. The focus of the talk was on the potential benefits of using a complex network approach to model the process of delay propagation. By using simple theoretical models, like a percolation process, it is possible to simulate different strategies for limiting delay propagation: all of this without extremely costly simulations, but just using known analytical results of network theory!
Both papers, Seddik’s and MZ’ ones, can be downloaded from the website of the conference.
The week after the ATM Seminar, MZ traveled to New York city, presenting the latest developments of the SecureDataCloud project at the IEEE SERVICES ’15. Impressive conference, with hundreds of attendees, and keynote talks from people of the level of Tsengdar J. Lee (NASA), Eric Brewer (Google) and Guruduth Banavar (IBM Research). In this case, the presentation had a much more applied flavour: describing the development of the software libraries for performing the secure computation, as required by the project and by the specifications suggested by the advising stakeholders. The development of the full system will be described in a paper, now under consideration, that we trust will be published shortly – so, stay tuned!
The event “Complexity Challenges and Opportunities in SESAR2020” took place in Brussels, 7th April 2015 in Eurocontrol headquarters, organized by the ComplexWorld Network – the long-term research network supported by SESAR and coordinated by Innaxis.
In this event, there was a particular session on Resilience in Air Transport, with several Resilience2050’s consortium members presentations (ITU, Innaxis, NLR). The session was chaired by Gokhan Inalham (ITU)
Presentations available in the links below:
- Gokhan Inalhan (Istanbul TU) Chairman and facilitator
- Resilience2050- Emre Koyunzu (New design principles fostering safety, agility and resilience for ATM- a new approach beyond SESAR) FP7 project
- ComplexityCosts (Exploring the complex relationship between ATM performance and stakeholder investment costs) SESAR project
- MAREA (Mathematical Approach towards Resilience Engineering in ATM) SESAR project