Innaxis at EASA-OPTICS conference. Cologne 12-14 April

Developing the future of a safe and growing aviation business, whilst also reassuring the travelling public that it is safe to fly, is a major vision for both EU and national aviation policies, however:

What role do policy makers play?

What are the recent, implemented safety measures?

Who is guiding the safety topics within aviation research?

EASA, the European Commission, the Advisory Council of Aviation Research & Innovation in Europe (ACARE), and the EU’s OPTICS Project organised a three day event in Cologne (12-14 April) in order to provide answers to these types of imperative questions, and furthermore define the way forward to ensure continued aviation safety in Europe. The event had a number of presentations and workshops within several aviation safety areas.

Two Innaxis’ team members David Perez (dp@innaxis.org) and Hector Ureta (hu@innaxis.org) attended the interesting event and took part in several of the workshops, explaining how can Data Science and BIG data can boost aviation safety. Hector  also presented some of the latest data science techniques and tools in safety research, based on SESAR-COMPASS project, during the third day of the event.

 

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Hector Ureta (Innaxis) presenting the Data Science research done in COMPASS (Cologne 14 April 2016)

 

The presentation, “Data science and data mining techniques to improve aviation safety: features, patterns and precursors”, is available online in this link.

If you’d like further information about data science in aviation, big data or aviation safety research completed by Innaxis, please feel free to contact Innaxis team (innovation@innaxis.org).

 

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More details of the event available in EASA and OPTICS websites:

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Mobility and performance (DATASET2050 postpost)

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PERFORMANCE FRAMEWORKS

Different performance frameworks look into different aspects of the European mobility framework, with varying goals that are not necessarily compatible or aligned in the same direction. To illustrate, ‘Flightpath 2050’ envisions an air transport system that improves safety levels but also guarantees time-related performance for the future passengers of Europe; up to four hours maximum door-to-door travel time for 90% of travellers using air as a mode. This number is not arbitrary, as it corresponds to the type of experience high-level experts envision for European passengers. However, punctuality and efficiency metrics are mostly flight-centric. Passengers are rarely considered in performance schemes and therefore very little is known about the actual door-to-door time performance from the passenger perspective. Decisions such as ‘when’ or ‘where’ to act in achieving this goal have proven to be more challenging than initially expected.

The European Commission Single European Sky Unit is working on ‘Reference Period 3’, which delves deeper into the performance scheme for air navigation service and network functions from 2020. This performance framework is very detailed, but unfortunately does not yet include provisions for passenger punctuality. Due to the complexity of different, non-interchangeable metrics, the KPAs and the different performance goals do not necessarily match.

SESAR and CleanSky have detailed, technical performance goals. By looking into specific technology developments or procedures, it is clear that their technologies will surely improve the performance of many concrete operational elements (e.g. runway performance or environmental impact in terminal areas, to mention two of them) – however it is yet unclear how much those programmes will contribute to passenger mobility.

PASSENGER PROFILING

In addition, traditionally, passengers have been categorised as ‘business’ and ‘leisure’ travellers. However, these traditional distinctions have become less distinct over recent years and will continue to do so in the future. This is driven by various developments such as newly emerging markets and cultural backgrounds, an ageing society, and increasing digitalisation within private and business life. Resulting passenger needs and expectations during their journey can thus differ to a great extent. This is reflected in their willingness to pay for extra services and time savings during their stay at the airport, for example. Therefore, the initial passenger group classification is not sufficient any more to properly address and integrate passenger requirements across the different transport modes.

(DATASET2050 D3.1 on passenger profiling 2.0 to be delivered soon!)

See you in the next blog post!

SIDs 2015

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Given DATASET’s long-term scope and air-transport oriented approach, this blog post addresses the upcoming SESAR Innovation Days (SIDs). Research outcomes are only beneficial when it is disseminated to other people/entities/agencies/stakeholders. Given that, please consider this post as part of the promotional obligation of the event, not to mention the presentation includes research threads that will be crucial for DATASET model development.

The 5th edition of the SESAR Innovation Days will be hosted by Università di Bologna, Italy from 1st – 3rd December 2015. The SESAR Innovation Days (SIDs) are the main vehicle through which SESAR (Single European Sky ATM Research) disseminates the results of its long-term and innovative research programme and the event has become a milestone in the European research calendar. Presently SESAR-WPE supports 26 research projects, 3 research networks and 20 PhD studies, and to date has funded more than 75 organisations. With the transition to SESAR 2020 and its Exploratory Research programme under the H2020 calls, Europe will continue to benefit from similar frameworks, leveraging the success of the present research programme and attracting new researchers and scientific disciplines to ATM.

The SIDs is coordinated by EUROCONTROL, as it’s been every year, and Innaxis, University of Westminster, and all of the DATASET partners will be attending as active participants. Interested in learning more about their participation in the SIDs? Continue reading below!

  • EUROCONTROL annually coordinates the event. In particular, Colin Meckiff (EUROCONTROL) is General Chair of the event, and Dirk Schaefer (EUROCONTROL) the Programme Chair. Although they are not directly involved in DATASET2050, they can be reached through Innaxis if you are interested!
  • The Programme Committee includes Andrew Cook (University of Westminster) and David Perez (Innaxis). Both will be more than willing to speak with you at the event regarding DATASET or the SIDs in general. Don’t hesitate to contact them should you have questions!
  • One of the main research priorities within Innaxis and University of Westminster has been exploring trade-offs between different stakeholders. For this particular SIDs, University of Westminster, Innaxis and Belgocontrol will present the paper “Controller time and delay costs- a trade-off analysis.” The paper will be presented within the technical session of the SIDs.
  • The EC four hour door-to-door goal requires additional work and analysis in order to be fully understood. This includes building new modelling tools in which the metrics and data analysis will help to understand how to fully achieve this goal. Innaxis has particular strengthen within the mobility research area, and the Horizon 2020 Coordination and Support Action DataSET 2050 (both coordinated by Innaxis) and the SESAR-CASSIOPEIA agent-based modelling framework may be of interest to you if you are working on mobility research challenges. Please do not hesitate to contact our architect of mobility tools for ATM, Samuel Cristóbal (sc@innaxis.org) and Jorge Martin (jm@innaxis.org) who will both be in attendance at the conference.
  • The ComplexWorld network has advanced very much within the last five years. The network coordinator Paula López (Innaxis) will give a presentation on the first day of SIDs, which will provide an overview of the ComplexWorld evolution since it was launched with key emphasis on the 2015 outcomes. Furthermore, ComplexWorld will participate in the research Tournament on Wednesday Dec. 2nd. Please feel free to talk with Paula (plc@innaxis.org) if you are interested in additional information.
  • For a few years, Innaxis has been working on new air transport metrics and indicators. Along these lines, we have been crafting a tool to compute metrics against real traffic data with advanced visual tools to help understand these complex metrics. On the day before SIDs (Monday Nov 30th), we will be hosting a workshop on air transport resilience metrics: The 2015Resilience2050 Workshop. Registration is free and more information can be found here:http://resilience2050.innaxis.org/workshop-2015-bologne-sids/. Please contact Hector Ureta (hu@innaxis.org) for further information on the workshop and/or resilience research.
  • Data Science has also been an area of major interest for Innaxis in the last few years. We are working on different elements of a big data / data science infrastructure that allows major data mining for Air Transport across different fronts: from evaluating current delay propagation and the resilience of airports and airlines against disturbances, to evaluating new paradigms on safety monitoring; all of which is based on powerful deep analytics. We are very proud of our advancements in this area. Our colleague Massimiliano Zanin will be at the conference, and you can feel free to contact him (mz@innaxis.org) regarding this topic.
  • Complex network theory is also of same importance within Innaxis’s research and it has been increasingly used to study the air transport system by defining static or dynamic structures to characterise how airports are connected. Our ComplexWorld PhD student, Seddik Belkoura, will present a poster titled “A young person’s guide to the reconstruction of air transport networks” depicting how the sampling processes intervening in the construction of such structures can affect the topological stability of the final system’s representation. Please contact him if this is of your interest (sb@innaxis.org).
  • Also, Information Management has been an area of interest for us. In particular, we think the Data Science paradigms will only be fully enabled if data is shared across stakeholders. This can only be achieved if the right security and encrypted mechanisms are in place. Along these lines, there will also be a discussion about the main results of the SecureDataCloud project. Please talk to Massimiliano if you would like to learn more about Innaxis’s efforts in Information Management.
  • Last but not least, Innaxis will serve as a SIDs rapporteur and will help Eurocontrol to extract key conclusions and provide our own views on the future research avenues. Carlos Álvarez (Innaxis President) will facilitate this during the closing session. Please, contact Carlos (calvarez@innaxis.org) if you would like to continue the discussion!

Hope to see you in Bologna!

Hector Ureta

Innaxis at SIDs 2015

Every year we are excited to participate in the SESAR Innovation Days (SIDs) 2015, organised by Eurocontrol and the SJU, which will take place this year in Bologna, Italy. In 2015, Innaxis has been particularly busy in long term aviation research and as in previous SIDs, we will be continue to be especially engaged during the event. We look forward to discussing many innovative research topics and provide an update on Innaxis’ efforts. These include:

 

  • The ComplexWorld network has greatly evolved within the last five years. On the first day of SIDs, the network coordinator, Paula Lopez, will present an overview of the ComplexWorld evolution since it was launched with special emphasis on the key 2015 outcomes and 2016 initiatives. Please feel free to reach out to Paula (plc@innaxis.org) if you are interested in obtaining more information on the network activities.
  • At Innaxis we have been working on new air transport metrics and indicators for the last few years. We have been crafting a tool to compute those metrics against real traffic data along with advanced visual tools to help understand these complex metrics. On the day before SIDs officially commences, Monday Nov. 30, we will be hosting a workshop on air transport resilience metrics: The 2015 Resilience2050 Workshop. Additional information along with free registration can be found here. Please contact Hector Ureta (hu@innaxis.org) for further information on the workshop and/or resilience research.
  • The EC four hour door-to-door challenge warrants more effort to bring everyone on the same page. Building new modelling tools, metrics and data analysis capabilities will help to understand how we may achieve this goal. Innaxis has strong expertise within Mobility, with coordination efforts in the Horizon 2020 Coordination and Support Action DataSET 2050, along with the most recent SESAR-CASSIOPEIA agent-based modelling framework. These research initiatives may be of interest to you if you are working with mobility. Please do not hesitate to contact our architect of mobility tools for ATM, Samuel Cristóbal (sc@innaxis.org) and Jorge Martin (jm@innaxis.org) who will be at the conference.
  • Exploring trade-offs between different stakeholders has always been one of the main research priorities within Innaxis. For this particular SIDs Innaxis has liaised with the University of Westminster and Belgocontrol to present the paper “Controller time and delay costs -a trade-off analysis”. The paper will be presented within the technical sessions of the SIDs.
  • Data Science has also been an area of major interest at Innaxis over the last few years. We are working on different elements of a big data / data science infrastructure to enable major data mining efforts within Air Transport, including: current delay propagation evaluations, airport and airline resilience against disturbances, and an evaluation on new paradigms for safety monitoring, all of which is contingent on powerful deep analytics. We have advanced very far in this area, for which we are very proud. Our colleague Massimiliano Zanin will be at the conference and can speak to these efforts. Feel free to contact him at mz@innaxis.org.
  • In addition, complex network theory has also been prioritised within Innaxis’s research efforts and has been increasingly used to study the air transport system by defining static or dynamic structures to characterise how airports are connected. Our ComplexWorld PhD student, Seddik Belkoura, will present a poster entitled “A young person’s guide to the reconstruction of air transport networks” depicting how the sampling processes intervening in the construction of such structures can affect the topological stability of the final system’s representation. Please, contact him if this is of your interest (sb@innaxis.org).
  • Information Management has also been an area of interest for us. In particular, we think Data Science paradigms can only be fully enabled if data is transparently shared across stakeholders, which can only be achieved with the right secure and encrypted mechanisms are put in place. Related to this, the Innaxis team will present a talk about the main results of the SecureDataCloud project. Again, please reach out to Massimiliano Zanin should this be your area of interest.
  • Last, but not least, we will also serve as SIDs rapporteurs and help Eurocontrol extract some conclusions as well as provide our own views on future research avenues. Carlos Alvarez will lead this during the closing session. Please, contact Carlos (calvarez@innaxis.org) if you’d like to continue the conversation!

 

We hope we have many opportunities to interact next week and hope you find our activities interesting and motivating for future initiatives.
See you soon in Bologna!

Data Scientist position at Innaxis

Innaxis is seeking a Data Scientist to join its research and development team in aviation projects. As a member of the team, you are joining a very interdisciplinary group of researchers, scientists, mathematicians and engineers that work for private companies and public institutions on solving the most challenging problems and get the most out of their data.

A mixture of creativity and technical skills are required to complement the skill set of a team that has worked in the last 5 years achieving landmarks in terms of network performance analyses across different areas within the aviation sector.

We are looking for a talented individual to help the team to complement the existing research threads on machine learning and data mining, to provide new insights on the performance of complex systems and enable the real time analysis of complex phenomena. Being part of our team will mean to cooperate with other skilled researchers currently focused on knowledge discovery, data engineers and visualisation experts.
Requirements are as follows:

  • Degree on Computer Science or similar (mathematics, physics) with outstanding background and experience in programming.
  • Experience on collection and preparation of datasets for machine learning exercises.
  • Understanding of general architectures and tools for machine learning, from validation to (automatic) feature selection.
  • Fluency in English: it is the working language at Innaxis!

Technical skills that may be relevant in the evaluation:

  • Understanding of the theoretical and implementation approaches for standard data mining models and algorithms, from SVMs to deep learning techniques based on Deep Neural Networks, as well as their combination.
  • Basic knowledge of database technologies and use: MySQL, MongoDB, JQuery.
  • Any programming language is a plus: both general (Python, C, Matlab) and data analysis oriented (Weka, R) …

We offer:

  • Immediate start within a highly qualified and collaborative international team with innovative thinking and working methodology focused on the development of large scale research and innovation projects.
  • Interesting salary as a function of skills, experience and education.
  • Flexibility and good working conditions

Interested candidates should send their detailed CV and relevant information to innovation@innaxis.org

Big Data Engineer position at Innaxis

Innaxis is seeking a Big Data Engineer to join its research and development team. As a member of the team, you are joining a very interdisciplinary group of researchers, scientists and engineers that work for private companies and public institutions on solving the most challenging problems and get the most out of their data. A mixture of creativity and technical skills are required to complement the skill set of a team that has worked in the last 5 years achieving landmarks in terms of network performance across different areas within the aviation sector.

We are looking for a talented individual to help the team to complement the existing research threads on engineering infrastructures to support data mining against large datasets. Your role within the team will be to design, test and implement state-of-the-art information acquisition systems of existing data sources within the aviation sector. This data will be further analysed in search for insightful patterns and ultimately knowledge discovery. The acquisition systems developed should also be cost-efficient, reliable and in compliance with our data providers privacy directives.

Requirements are as follows:

  • Degree or MSc on Computer Science with outstanding background and experience in programming and systems management.
  • Strong interest for Amazon cloud-based solutions, specifically EC2, EBS, RDS and IAM.
  • Strong interest for databases design and management, including SQL and NoSQL solutions and ecosystems.
  • Enthusiasm for software design and testing methodologies
  •  Fluency in English: it is the working language at Innaxis!

Technical skills that may be relevant in the evaluation:

  • Knowledge of database technologies and use: MySQL, MongoDB, JQuery
  • Proficiency in at least one programming language: Python, Perl, R, C++
  • Understanding of data mining algorithms: KDD, support vector machines, etc.

We offer:

  • Immediate start within a highly qualified and collaborative international team with innovative thinking and working methodology focused on the development of large scale research and innovation projects.
  • Interesting salary as a function of skills, experience and education.
  • Flexibility and excellent working conditions.

Interested candidates should send their detailed CV, a research interest letter and any relevant information to innovation@innaxis.org

DATASET2050 – H2020 CSA coordinated by Innaxis

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How can we provide a seamless travel experience from door to door for future European passengers? This question is addressed by the DATASET2050 project which Innaxis is coordinating. DATASET2050 is an aviation Coordination and Support Action (CSA) funded by European Commission within the H2020 frame and coordinated by Innaxis.

DATASET2050 (DATA driven approach for a Seamless Efficient Travelling in 2050) deals with those Flightpath 2050 goals that postulate future air transport to be more passenger-centric and to incorporate the door-to-door perspective. It complements the vision for European transport with guidelines and quantitative targets how the goals can be accomplished as well as with conceptual foundations. Project partners are Innaxis (Spain-coordinator), University of Westminster (United Kingdom), Eurocontrol (Belgium) and Bauhaus Luftfahrt (Germany).

The CSA is divided into four blocks, each of them focusing on a different aspect of the mobility assessment challenge: the data architecture and modelling, the passenger needs assessment, the supply of transport services assessment and the mobility assessment that, inter alia, includes novel concepts foundations.

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In the course of the project, a data-driven toolset will be developed to assess the main characteristics of the current system and to analyze various future scenarios. State-of-the-art data analysis techniques together with the analysis on customer and transport services demand and supply evolution will be integrated to correctly identify the opportunities for Europe in this context. The following specific objectives will be addressed:

  • Identification and acquisition of relevant datasets to support the analysis
  • Depiction of current and future passenger expectations, needs and requirements
  • Building of a data-driven model
  • Development of mobility metrics
  • Understanding of the current and future air transport services supply
  • Identification and initial development of novel concept foundations, identification of (potential) bottlenecks within the current and future transport system
  • Sound dissemination and communication among the relevant stakeholders

Project was kicked-off December 2014, and so far two deliverables concerning management and dissemination topics have already been submitted.  In addition to the KoM at Brussels, the partners also recently met at the University of Westminster (London) to discuss detailed content and data requirements for the data-driven model to be developed in WP2.

www.dataset2050.com

Linkedin group: feel free to join!

Be a subscriber of our monthly blog post here!

Questions? Feedback? Interest arisen? Feel free to contact the project coordinator Samuel Cristobal (sc@innaxis.org) or Hector Ureta (hu@innaxis.org)

 

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Back from ComplexWorld 2015

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Very successful ComplexWorld 2015 event, including the 3rd Data Science in Aviation Workshop in Brussels. Our team worked hard on this and it showed!

Thank you very much to everyone participating. We will post a report soon!

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Roadmap for data-driven applications, from a concept to a fully integrated system

Doubtless Data Science and Big Data applications have been growing fast in the last years, the blooming of new data sources and the emergence of accessible and affordable cloud infrastructures have contributed widely to this movement. However only a few applications reach the necessary level of maturity to become fully functional systems. Most of data driven applications reach its maximum level of maturity as a “proof of concept,” and one of the main reasons being it does not have a solid integration program with current systems or a successful validation plan.

The path from raw data to wisdom is long and complex. Moving from data to information requires comprehension on data relations and the overall context. Then, knowledge is reached only after fully understanding the patterns within information. Finally, it is required to get deep into the details (the underlying principles), to gain insight and be able to move from knowledge to real and “applicable” wisdom.

There are three pillars in any Data-Driven application, namely: Data Acquisition (DA), Information Processing (IP) and Knowledge Discovery (KD). The Data Acquisition should cover not only the technical aspects of consuming services or data sources with different formats, coverage or scope but also tackle the sociological, legal and limiting aspects of every data source (e.g. data provenance). The Information Processing should be built over a solid mathematical framework, from Data Mining algorithms to Simulation Tools. Information Processing should also provide answers in terms of performance and precision to support the application concept. Lastly, Knowledge Discovery should serve as a interface from processed data to human perception, from metrics to representation of those (e.g. dashboards). In some cases integration of those into the current system may be critical.

The application must be developed at the three fronts simultaneously, starting with a concept, a purely speculative idea, to a proof of concept, a prototype application tested only over a simplified set of data. Then the proof of concept should be further tested in a laboratory environment, in which data samples are produced artificially to feed the application and carry on performance and reliability tests and then leveraged into a relevant environment. In a relevant environment the application should be capable of working with real-time data feeds although not yet at an operational level, and robustness and stability should be assessed at this stage. Finally, applications should be moved for a relevant environment to the actual operations.

ComplexWorld within ICRAT2014: Registration Open!

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Following the success of its previous editions, International Conference on Research in Air Transportation (ICRAT) has now been established as a mainstream biennial event in Air Transport Research, alternating with the USA/Europe Air Traffic Management (ATM) Research and Development (R&D) Seminar.

The next ICRAT will be held the week of May 26th-30th, 2014 at the Istanbul Technical University in Istanbul, Turkey. In this 2014 edition, ICRAT will host ComplexWorld activities and will be organised in conjunction with the 4th International ATACCS Conference (HALA!); two SESAR WP-E Research Networks.

In particular, two Tutorials will be organised by ComplexWorld which focuses on its research threads:

Massimiliano Zanin and Samuel Cristobal (Innaxis) on how to apply Data Science in Aviation: stationarity and metrics

Thomas Hauf (University of Hannover) on Adverse Weather and ATM performance

To register for the event, please visit the ICRAT Conference Registration page.

Be sure to follow ComplexWorld (www.ComplexWorld.eu) and ICRAT (www.icrat.org) to get the latest updates on the event information and the other informative tutorials. ICRAT 2014 will be an excellent forum for young researchers within air transportation to share their work, expand their professional network and gain new knowledge and inspiration.

See you in Istanbul!

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