Innaxis publishes White Paper on Energy research

On September the 24th we submitted the final version of the ComplexEnergy White Paper to the European Commission. It has been already sent to the participants and interested individuals and is published on the ComplexEnergy website:

ComplexEnergy is an initiative led by The Innaxis Foundation and Research Institute and Create-Net with the purpose of bridging the ICT, Energy, and Complex Systems research communities. ComplexEnergy aims to find out challenging and innovative research threads which improve the understanding and modelling of energy systems from a comprehensive perspective, conceiving them as Complex Systems.

The White Paper discusses why the Energy System can be understood as a Complex System and how Complexity Science can contribute in improving its understanding and predictability. The White Paper is the result of a coordinated effort between researchers of the three fields who have contributed interesting ideas and fruitful comments to the document.

Innaxis believes in promoting this innovative idea and looking at challenges from a different perspective. The White Paper is a significant accomplishment for the ComplexEnergy initiative and we hope to continue to move forward in this direction. To read the White Paper please click here, we hope the document will catalyze new ideas and further development on this frontier. All comments and questions are welcomed at:

ComplexEnergy is supported by the Future and Emerging Technologies (FET) programme within the ICT theme of the Seventh Framework Programme.



ComplexEnergy White Paper Draft Now Available

The Innaxis Foundation & Research Institute along with CREATE-NET are pleased to publish a draft of the ComplexEnergy White Paper.

After many revisions and discussions, a first draft of the ComplexEnergy White Paper has become available. Members of the Expert Panel also contributed to the advancement of the White Paper and will continue to do so until the paper becomes finalised.

The White Paper is one of the deliverables for the ComplexEnergy initiative. The project, funded by the European Commission´s 7th Framework Programme, focusses on Complex Systems for an ICT-enabled Energy System. The activities of the project can be described as the following:

  • Bridge the gap between Complex Systems, ICT and Energy research communities.
  • Identify the potential of ICT-enabled energy modelling, control, and management solutions built on the results of Complex Systems Science.
  • Propose future FET initiatives at the junction of ICT, Energy and Complex Systems.
  • Magnification of the level of awareness, at European scale, of the potential impact of advanced ICT techniques implementing concepts and tools from Complex Systems research for the design and governance of the energy system.

The draft version of the White Paper can be found on the ComplexEnergy website here .  The draft is intended to stimulate discussion and comments from the public. Considering that the ComplexEnergy initiative is a crossover between the ICT, Energy, and Complex Systems disciplines, many professionals are sure to find the paper interesting.

Any type of feedback and comments are welcomed and can be sent to: .

ComplexEnergy holds first workshop

Innaxis & Create-Net bring together members of the Expert Panel in Venice.

The first workshop, held on the 13th and 14th of April in Venice, proved to be successful with great brainstorming focus sessions that discussed the project´s first White Paper.

The workshop commenced with an introduction of the members of Innaxis and Create-Net, and also a detailed introduction on the ComplexEnergy initiative. Afterwards, each member of the Expert Panel that was in attendance made a short presentation about their background and vision concerning the project.

Following the presentations, the rest of the workshop advanced around four different focus sessions:

  1. Energy-related issues, challenges, and potential impact
  2. Complex Systems Methodologies and Tools
  3. Role of Complex Systems in Smart Energy Systems
  4. Relevant Scientific Communities, Possible Topics and Impacts

These focus sessions help brainstorm thoughts and ideas concerning the first White Paper that will be delivered in August. The advancements made from the workshop will be integrated into the White Paper and will continue to be developed. It is expected to have fairly thorough draft version of the White Paper around the 30th of May.

If you´d like to contact us concerning ComplexEnergy, please email .

More information can be found through the ComplexEnergy website and blog.

ComplexWorld WP-E Network Proposal successfully submitted!

Innaxis along with: University of Seville, NLR, DLR, University of Westminster, and University of Palermo have successfully submitted a thorough proposal for a SESAR WP-E Network concentrated on the theme of ´Mastering Complex Systems Safely´.

The proposal has much interest- about 43 entities have registered to be participants of the network, with 25 of them being universities.

The proposal was submitted to the offices of Eurocontrol on the 8th of April, 2010. Any news received hereafter will be communicated to all members and participants.

If you´d like to get in touch with Innaxis concerning the WP-E proposal, you may email . The website, will be continuously updated this week.

INX becomes coordinator of ComplexEnergy

Together with CREATE-NET, INX launches ComplexEnergy; a new FP7 FET Project.

As most of you know, the FET (Future and emerging technologies) initiative is the European Commission “incubator” for new ideas and themes for long-term research in the area of information and communication technologies. As a part of the FET program,  The Innaxis Foundation & Research Institute, in cooperation with CREATE-NET, launched the ComplexEnergy project, funded under FP7 ICT call 4, topic ICT-2009.8.10 Identifying new research topics and assessing emerging global S&T trends in ICT for future FET Proactive initiatives.

The main objective of ComplexEnergy is to identify the most promising research avenues and emerging trends at the junction of ICT, Energy and Complex Systems domains, with a view to propose new topics in this area for future FP7 calls. More information can be found on the CompleEnergy project site:

To satisfy this frutful objective, ComplexEnergy will be focussed on bringing together the ICT, Energy and Complex Systems research communities in order to:

  • build the foundations for a new, EC-scale, interdisciplinary research community able to formulate innovative approaches to energy system modeling, design and governance;
  • carry out a well-defined and systematic consultation of these three research communities, as well as of policy makers and other relevant stakeholders, with the aim to identify the main strategic areas, the emerging research avenues and the major research challenges at the junction of ICT, Energy and Complex Systems; and
  • define a roadmap for the development of these research trends, including recommendations on research topics for FP7 calls in 2011 and beyond.

Although the project has just launched, we have already begun planning the first workshop and contacting key professionals to form an Expert Panel. If you´d like to be on a contact list for a workshop or general communication concerning the project please feel free to email: .

Innaxis contributes to additonal int’l congresses

The Innaxis research team has presented three more contributions to the scientific community about the connections between Complexity Science and Air Transportation Networks.

The first event was the FisEs ’09 congress on Statistical Physics, held in Huelva (Spain) on the 10th – 12th September 2009, and hosted by the group of Physics of Complex Liquids of the Universidad de Huelva. Two posters were accepted by this congress, the first of which was presented by Innaxis researcher Massimiliano Zanin and reported new results about modelling the aeronautical system by applying the concept of Scheduled Network. The second was an application of the celebrated GoogleLab’s PageRank algorithm to model the consequential effect of delays, and the study of importance of each airport from the point of view of the transmission of reactionary delays.

The third contribution was developed along with A. Vejar, of the CNRS, Nancy Université of France, and was presented in the European Conference on Complex Systems 2009 held in University of Warwick, UK, on 21-25 September 2009. Here, a new approach was studied. Instead of analysing the complex network created by a transportation system, an emergent graph was created by modelling the dynamics of customers and vehicles in a general fitness landscape. Such a model could help in understanding the mechanisms that lead to the creation of standard connection models, like point-to-point or hub-and-spoke structures, and in forecasting the evolution of a real transportation environment.

These three contributions touch upon how modelling the network in different ways can help make the overall transportation network more efficient, especially in regards to money, ecological consumption, and passenger satisfaction.


INX presents ´Dynamical Model for the Air Transport Network´ at the 23rd European Conference on Modelling and Simulation

This international conference focuses on the state of the art technology in modelling and simulation. Many different themes are covered; ranging from Electrical and Electromechanical engineering to Modelling, Simulation and Control of Technological Processes. The conference took place June 9-12th in Madrid, Spain and was hosted by the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos.

ECMS provides a forum for researchers and practitioners from different fields involved in building innovative simulation systems, simulation and modelling tools and applications on both the research and industrial front. Keynote speakers included Rafael Martí from the Universidad de Valencia, Agustín Maravall from Banco de España, and Kishor Trivedi from Duke University.

The Innaxis publication ¨A Dynamical Model for the Air Transportation Network¨ received great reviews and the team was invited to speak about their findings. Complex Systems researcher Massimiliano Zanin gave the speech about modelling the ATM network in order to withstand and better operate with the forecasted 100% European flight growth.

Dynamical Model for the Air Transport Network

Dynamical Model for the Air Transport Network

Zanin explains how an ATM network can be modelled differently if a scheduled networks approach was used. By including the time factor, secondary nodes representing the duration of the flight is added thus including more information and giving capability of defining metrics such as efficiency, vulnerability, sensitivity to noise, and more.

Evolving the air transport network by increasing the number of nodes and connections,  the network went from a ´Random Structure´ model to a ´Hub and Spoke´ in that if the fitness is high, the network becomes more efficient with the addition of a Hub.

Evolving a network

The presentation concludes with a realistic algorithm for air network growth. A PDF of the presentation can be accessed here.

Innaxis publishes two papers, initiates

External projects, internal projects, publishing papers, submitting proposals- This multi-tasking ability is part of the reason why Innaxis never finds a dull moment.  Even in the downtime that often occurs in European countries during the summer months, Innaxis has published two documents related to Complexity Science.

This multi-tasking achievement was deemed capable through the efforts of Massimiliano Zanin, Lucas Lacasa, and Miguel Cea. They have written ¨Dynamics in Scheduled Networks¨ which has been published in the interdisciplinary journal Chaos ( Chaos is a quarterly journal published by the American Institute of Physics devoted to increasing the understanding of nonlinear phenomena and describing the manifestations in a manner comprehensible to researchers from a broad spectrum of disciplines.

The paper will be published in the June 2009 edition and is already available online (Chaos-an Interdisciplinary Journal of Nonlinear Science website). The paper explains how time restrictions are usually neglected when studying real or virtual systems through complex network theories, and a static structure is normally defined to characterize which node is connected to another. This approach seems to be oversimplified as real networks are indeed dynamically modified by external mechanisms.  The paper presents a scheduled network formalism that takes into account such dynamical modifications by including generic time restrictions in the structure.  Below is a paragraph taken from the paper explaining how scheduled networks can be used in an air traffic management scenario.


The same team of people along with Samuel Cristobal has also published a contribution titled, ¨A Dynamical Model for the Air Transportation Network¨ which has been submitted and approved for  European Conference on Modelling and Simulation ’09. The publication will be discussed at the June 9-12 event in Madrid Spain under the category ¨Discrete Event Modelling and Simulation in Logistics, Transport and Supply Chains (LT) (

In this contribution, Scheduled Networks are used as a framework for simulating the growth of virtual aeronautical networks. The basic assumption is that the cost for passengers should be minimized, which is approximated with the time needed to go from one airport to another one. Some results are presented, and the role and importance of hubs (that is, central airports where great part of the flights are concentrated) is discussed. Peer reviewing for both publications was done by F J Mancebo, founder of the Innaxis Foundation & Research Institute and longtime UPM (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid) mathematics professor in the Superior School of Aeronautics.

The papers recently published by the Innaxis group have further advanced the opportunities to expand the findings into different scenarios. Following the same direction, Innaxis will be launching, an initiative to foster and promote the study of system complexity in the field of air transport. More particularly, will be a candidate network for the SESAR Long Term initiative (WP E). As Air Transport Networks are becoming more complex characterized by an increasing number of airspace users which inevitably brings indeterminacy and unpredictability to the behavior of the system that needs to be carefully studied, analyzed, modeled, simulated and understood. Although still in it´s preliminary phase, will promote a research plan on how to tackle these issues in the field of air traffic management, introducing the concept of complexity management in the context of the 4D Trajectory Management operational concept developed in SESAR.



INX Researcher gives lecture in Mexico

The concept of complexity science is being looked into many major universities around the world, so it wasn´t a surprise when University of Guadalajara in Mexico asked if our very own Complex Systems Researcher, Massimiliano Zannin could give a speech about the topic. Massimiliano gave two lectures, one on general information about complex systems, and the other concerning music and complex systems.

The lectures were part of a seminar given by the Dynamic Systems Group of the university and took place 11 of December of 2008.

Derogations of an EU Regulation

Emissions Trading Scheme, Kyoto, cap and trade, Climate Exchange, law of demand- all have been mentioned under the hot topic of CO2 emissions and climate change policies. With all of the concern of global warming- it’s no surprise that countries are trying to ´go green´ now too.

In recent news, French EU Presidency has proposed a compromise designed to overcome opposition to EU climate plans from some of the heavy industries and newer member states. The French EU Presidency is asking for early identification of industries exposed to foreign competition and temporary exemptions from full CO2 permit auctioning for coal-dependent economies.

Some member states disagreed with the proposal. Poland’s secretary of state for European affairs, Mikolaj Dowgielewicz states, “The proposed measures open the door to the phenomenon of windfall profits for power companies. Our objective is not to create more profits for energy companies. Our objective is to protect consumers.”

CO2 emissions have long been a concern for production companies. At higher CO2-prices, companies are tempted to pass the costs down to the final consumer. However, when faced with a price increase, the consumer will demand less and substitute more. Production from the company will decrease, and imports of substitutes into the country will increase. This leads to a carbon emissions leak- another outcome that countries are trying to avoid.  However, in some industries such as the paper industry, this practice has already been banned. Emissions Trading Scheme costs cannot be passed down to the final consumer because of the heavy international competition.

Opinions concerning the trade of carbon emission permits have been wide-range. Some believe it’s an expensive bureaucratic solution to fix a problem that may not even exist, and others believe it’s a great policy to try to save the world from the global warming time bomb.

In either case many economists agree that a policy regulating carbon emissions, no matter how unorganized or unfair, is better than no-policy at all. Many countries have adapted their own plan under the international KYOTO plan, including the European Union’s Emissions Trading Scheme. The United States has yet to confirm to the KYOTO plan, but future president Obama has stated that some kind of environmental policy is in plan for the future.

The proposal calls for the European Commission to ‘rapidly’ produce figures that set a threshold to quantify the risk of certain industries becoming exposed to competition by third countries with less stringent CO2 reduction regimes. However, with the upcoming International negotiations towards the KYOTO Protocol to be finalised in Dec. 2009, the request may be viewed as a wrong signal.

Many countries rely on certain resources for over half of their power generation portfolio. For example, Poland relies on coal for 60% of their portfolio.

The economic and environmental plan of emissions trading is proving to be more complex than ever. It’s hard to bring the world, or even just a group of countries together to bring about a significant change. The complex system of CO2 trading and it’s effects on the economy is certainly one to pay attention to.

The Council, Commission and Parliament are due to continue this trialogue next Tuesday (25 November) to reach a deal to be agreed at the European Council on 17 December.

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